The Australian Prudential Regulation Authority (APRA) has called for substantially greater investment in natural disaster mitigation to keep general insurance available and affordable in northern Australia.
APRA Executive Board Member Geoff Summerhayes said the only sustainable way to reduce premiums was to lower the risk of property damage. “Insurers price their policies according to risk, with policyholders at greater risk paying commensurately higher costs. Rising insurance premiums in northern Australia are therefore a symptom of a deeper problem, which is the growing threat these communities face from natural disasters.
Premiums in cyclone and flood-exposed parts of the country’s north have risen sharply over the past decade in comparison to the rest of Australia, raising concerns that some households and businesses may soon be unable to afford cover.
APRA is responsible for ensuring general insurers have sufficient financial strength to pay all legitimate claims, and expects them to raise sufficient revenue from policyholders to cover their expected payouts.
Insurers have welcomed APRA’s call for greater investment in disaster mitigation, ICA CEO Rob Whelan has said: “The insurance industry strongly supports APRA’s call for an informed debate about the best way to fund mitigation and adaptation, and reverse the current imbalance between disaster relief funding and prevention. At present only 3 per cent of disaster funding goes towards prevention and 97 per cent towards recovery.
“APRA correctly identifies that lowering the risk of property damage is the only sustainable way to lower insurance premiums. Risk-based pricing means property owners at greater risk pay higher premiums, and the ICA agrees insurance prices in northern Australia are a symptom of a much deeper problem.”
Whelan said insurers were aware of many examples where mitigation investments had protected communities for generations, with the long-term benefits far outweighing the initial costs of the project.
He said: “The ICA urges the Federal Government to heed APRA’s guidance on mitigation. It should adopt the Productivity Commission recommendation that it invest at least $200 million a year in mitigation and resilience projects, to be matched by the states and territories.”
With climate change expected to increase the damage bill from natural disasters in northern Australia, Summerhayes said an informed debate was needed about the best way to fund mitigation and adaptation.
“Hundreds of millions of dollars each year are spent on disaster funding but about 97 per cent goes towards clean-up and recovery, with only 3 per cent directed to mitigation and prevention. Addressing this imbalance will save money in the long-term by reducing the physical loss and economic disruption caused by storms, floods, cyclones and bushfires.
“All levels of government, working with insurers and other stakeholders, can help to protect vulnerable communities by investing in mitigation, such as flood levies and sea walls, risk mapping and more robust building codes. Crucially, lowering the risks faced by policyholders typically leads to insurance premiums falling.
“The experience of Roma in south-west Queensland after the 2012 flood event provides an example of this collaborative approach and shows the way forward. Evidence suggests insurance premiums fell by 50 to 90 per cent following the completion of flood mitigation infrastructure,” he said.